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Depression varies from person to person, but there are some common s and symptoms. Depression and anxiety are believed to stem from the same biological vulnerability, which may explain why they so often go hand-in-hand. Bipolar disorderalso known as manic depression, involves serious shifts in moods, energy, thinking, and behavior. Because it looks so similar to depression when in the low phase, it is often overlooked and misdiagnosed.
This U know u want 2 be a serious problem as taking antidepressants for bipolar disorder can actually make the condition worse. Depression is a major risk factor for suicide. Deep despair and hopelessness can make suicide feel like the only way to escape the pain. If you have a loved one with depression, take any suicidal talk or behavior seriously and watch for the warning s:. If you think a friend or family member is considering suicide, express your concern and seek help immediately. Talking openly about suicidal thoughts and feelings can save a life. But with time, you will feel better, especially if you get help.
There are many people who want to support you during this difficult time, so please reach out! Depression often varies according to age and gender, with symptoms differing between men and women, or young people and U know u want 2 adults. Depressed men are less likely to acknowledge feelings of self-loathing and hopelessness.
Instead, they tend to complain about fatigue, irritability, sleep problems, and loss of interest in work and hobbies. Women are more likely to experience symptoms such as pronounced feelings of guilt, excessive sleeping, overeating, and weight U know u want 2. Depression in women is also impacted by hormonal factors during menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause. In fact, postpartum depression affects up to 1 in 7 women following childbirth.
Irritability, anger, and agitation are often the most noticeable symptoms in depressed teens —not sadness. They may also complain of headaches, stomachaches, or other physical pains. Older adults tend to complain more about the physical rather than the emotional s and symptoms: things like fatigue, unexplained aches and pains, and memory problems. They may also neglect their personal appearance and stop taking critical medications for their health. Depression comes in many shapes and forms. These are the most common types. More than simply feeling blue, the symptoms of mild depression can interfere with your daily life, robbing you of joy and motivation.
Those symptoms become amplified in moderate depression and can lead to a decline in confidence and self-esteem. More days than not, you feel mildly or moderately depressed, although you may have brief periods of normal mood. Major depression otherwise known as major depressive disorder is much less common than mild or moderate and is characterized by severe, relentless symptoms. Atypical depression is a common subtype of major depressive disorder with a specific symptom pattern.
It responds better to some therapies and medications than others, so identifying it can be helpful. For some people, the reduced daylight hours of winter lead to a form of depression known as seasonal affective disorder SAD. SAD can make you feel like a completely different person to who you are in the summer: hopeless, sad, tense, or stressed, with no interest in friends or activities you normally love. SAD usually begins in fall or winter when the days become shorter and remains until the brighter days of spring. While some illnesses have a specific medical cause, making treatment straightforward, depression is far more complicated.
Certain medications, such as barbiturates, corticosteroids, benzodiazepines, opioid painkillers, and specific blood pressure medicine can trigger symptoms in some people—as can hypothyroidism an underactive thyroid gland. But most commonly, depression is caused by a combination of biological, psychological, and social factors that can vary wildly from one person to another. Despite what you may have seen in TVread in newspaper articles, or maybe even heard from a doctor, depression is not just the result of a chemical imbalance in the brain, having too much or too little of any brain chemical that can be simply cured with medication.
Biological factors can certainly play a role in depression, including inflammation, hormonal changes, immune system suppression, abnormal activity in certain parts of the brain, nutritional deficiencies, and shrinking brain cells. But psychological and social factors—such as past trauma, substance abuse, loneliness, low self-esteem, and lifestyle choices—can also play an enormous part.
Depression most often from a combination of factors, rather than one single cause. For example, if you went through a divorce, were diagnosed with a serious medical condition, or lost your job, the stress could prompt you to start drinking more, which in turn could cause you to withdraw from family and friends.
Those factors combined could then trigger depression. Loneliness and isolation.
Not only can lack of social support heighten your risk, but having depression can cause you to withdraw from others, exacerbating feelings of isolation. Having close friends or family to talk to can help you maintain perspective on your issues and avoid having to deal with problems alone. Marital or relationship problems.
While a network of strong and supportive relationships can be crucial to good mental health, troubled, unhappy, or abusive relationships can have the opposite effect and increase your risk for depression. Recent stressful life experiences. Major life changes, such as a bereavement, divorce, unemploymentor financial problems can often bring overwhelming levels of stress and increase your risk of developing depression. Chronic illness or pain. Unmanaged pain or being diagnosed with a serious illnesssuch as cancer, heart disease, or diabetes, can trigger feelings of hopelessness and helplessness.
Family history of depression. Your lifestyle choices, relationships, and coping skills matter just as much as genetics. Whether your personality traits are inherited from your parents or the result of life experiences, they can impact your risk of depression.
For example, you may be at a greater risk if you tend to worry excessivelyhave a negative outlook on life, are highly self-critical, or suffer from low self-esteem. Early childhood trauma or abuse. Early life stresses such as childhood trauma, abuse, or bullying can make you more susceptible to a of future health conditions, including depression. Alcohol or drug abuse. Substance abuse can often co-occur with depression.
Many people use alcohol or drugs as a means of self-medicating their moods or cope with stress or difficult emotions. If you are already at risk, abusing alcohol or drugs may push you over the edge.
There is also evidence that those who abuse opioid painkillers are at greater risk for depression. Understanding the underlying cause of your depression may help you overcome the problem. For example, if you are feeling depressed because of a dead-end job, the best treatment might be finding a more satisfying career rather than simply taking an antidepressant. If you are new to an area and feeling lonely and sad, finding new friends will probably give you more of a mood boost than going to therapy. In such cases, the depression is remedied by changing the situation.
But there are many things you can do to lift and stabilize your mood. The key is to start with a few small goals and slowly build from there, trying to do a little more each day. Feeling better takes time, but you can get there by making positive choices for yourself. Reach out to other people. The simple act of talking to someone face-to-face about how you feel can be an enormous help. Get moving. But regular exercise can be as effective as antidepressant medication in countering the symptoms of depression.
Take a short walk or put some music on and dance around. Start with small activities and build up from there. Eat a mood boosting diet. Reduce your intake of foods that can adversely affect your mood, such as caffeine, alcohol, trans fats, sugar and refined carbs. And increase mood-enhancing nutrients such as Omega-3 fatty acids. Find ways to engage again with the world. Spend some time in nature, care for a pet, volunteerpick up a hobby you used to enjoy or take up a new one. There are many effective treatments for depression, including:.
Consulting a therapist can provide you tools to treat depression from a variety of angles and motivate you to take the action necessary. Therapy can also offer you U know u want 2 skills and insight to prevent the problem from coming back. Authors: Melinda Smith, M.U know u want 2
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