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er, describing her favorite treat. er is describing the delectable taste of dirt -- specifically, clay from the region around her home in Montezuma, Ga. While most people would recoil at the thought of eating mud or clay, some medical experts say it may be beneficial, especially for pregnant women.
The habit of eating clay, mud or dirt is known as geophagy. Some experts lump it into the same category as pica, which is the abnormal urge to eat coins, paint, soap or other non-food items. Cultures worldwide have practiced geophagy for centuries, from the ancient Greeks to Native Americans.
In most places the habit is limited to women, especially women who are pregnant or of childbearing age. The practice is common in sub-Saharan Africa, and many anthropologists believe geophagy was brought to the United States by African slaves.
It is now most commonly found among African-American women in the rural South. Though the practice is rarely if ever recommended by medical professionals, some nutritionists now admit the habit of eating clay may have some real health benefits. David L. Clay's ability to absorb plant toxins is well documented. Diamond notes that many traditional cultures cook food like potatoes, acorns and bread in clay as a way of protecting against the toxic alkaloids and tannic acids that would otherwise make these foods inedible.
Glycoalkaloids, for example, are commonly found in potatoes and can cause diarrhea, vomiting and neurological problems in humans. But when South American Indians eat these potatoes in combination with alkaloid-binding clays, the potatoes are safe to consume, according to Diamond. Medical professionals studying geophagy are also considering whether the minerals Would like to eat a lady today some clays are especially beneficial for pregnant women.
It may simply be that women who had this craving were more likely to survive and pass on this tendency to their offspring. Mineral content in clays vary from region to region, but many contain high levels of calcium, iron, copper and magnesium. These are essential minerals for the human diet but even more critical during pregnancy. Dairy products like milk and cheese would provide important dietary calcium -- when these are absent, pregnant women may seek other sources.
Because not all clays are created equal, women who eat clay are very particular about which clays they consume. er, who has eaten clay for over 20 years, refuses to eat certain clays because they contain sand or have a gritty taste.
The store's chalk is not as good.
I could actually taste the difference. And most women who practice geophagy get their clays from sources other than the first few inches of topsoil, which have the most biological activity -- and the most bacteria, parasites and other pathogens. Callahan believes eating clay may be a way to build up the immune system during pregnancy. Citing what has been referred to as a "hygiene hypothesis," he noted that children raised in rural areas, especially on farms, have fewer allergies and autoimmune diseases than children raised in cities -- some researchers believe exposure to soil and other environmental impurities is the reason.
Another advantage to eating clay during pregnancy may be the calming effect it can have on the mother's gastrointestinal system, which can succumb to bouts of nausea and morning sickness.
Clays, especially white clays, are made of kaolin. Indeed, Rolaids, Maalox and other medicines recommended for nausea and stomach upset are filled with the same antacid compounds found in white kaolin clays. Charles N.
Maddox of Griffin, Ga. The old-timers and people in Louisiana and Mississippi -- they just love to eat that Mississippi mud. Maddox's product, however, is not sold for human consumption, though he knows that some locals might be inclined to eat clay.
Even avid fans of clay eating admit it can be a problem. There is a negative social stereotype associated with anyone who would consume dirt right out of the ground. Many of those familiar with the practice disdain "dirt-eaters" as poor, ignorant or malnourished. And there may be medical problems associated with over-consumption of clay. Constipation is a common complaint among those who eat clay regularly, due to the same binding effect that makes it an effective anti-diarrhea remedy.
For women who are concerned about vitamin and mineral deficiencies during pregnancy, Katz offers this advice: "Take a prenatal vitamin. But those who have been eating clay all their lives are unlikely to stop, and now some experts are unlikely to encourage them to give up the habit. Salt, notes Gibson-Staneland, is also a mineral, one that is found on almost every restaurant table in America. LOG IN. We'll notify you here with news about. Turn on desktop notifications for breaking stories about interest?
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